Pangasinan Islands Philippines
After the declaration of Independence in Manila on July 4, 1946, Eugenio Perez, a Liberal Party congressman representing the fourth district of Pangasinan, was elected Speaker of the lower Legislative House. He led the House until 1953 when the Nacionalista Party became the dominant party.
Pangasinan, which was historically part of the Central Luzon region, was made part of the Ilocos Region or Region I in the gerrymandering of the Philippines by Ferdinand Marcos despite the fact that Pangasinan has a distinct primary language, which is Pangasinan. The classification of Pangasinan as part of the Ilocos Region has generated confusion among some Filipinos, mistaking that all or most of the residents of Pangasinan are Ilocanos. Many Pangasinans object to the national government's classification of Pangasinan in the Ilocos Region since Pangasinan has a distinct primary language, its economy is bigger than all the Ilocos provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, and La Union, and its population is more than 50% of the population of Region 1. Some Pangasinans have proposed using the term Northwestern Luzon Region, which is a term based on a geographic concept, Pangasinan Region, or Pangasinan Autonomous Region.
On February 1986, Vice Chief of Staff General Fidel V. Ramos, head of the Philippine Integrated National Police, and a native of Lingayen, and Asingan, Pangasinan, became one of the instrumental figures of the EDSA people power revolution that led to the overthrow of President Ferdinand Marcos.
After the downfall of Marcos, all local government unit executives in the Philippines were ordered by President Corazon Aquino to vacate their posts. Some local executives were ordered to return to their seats as in the case of Mayor Ludovico Espinosa of Dasol where he claims he joined the UNIDO, Mrs. Aquino's party during the height of the EDSA Revolution. Fidel Ramos was appointed as AFP Chief of Staff and later as Defense Secretary replacing Juan Ponce Enrile. Oscar Orbos, a congressman from Bani, Pangasinan was appointed by Aquino as head of the Department of Transportation and Communications and later as Executive Secretary.
On May 11, 1992, Fidel V. Ramos ran for the position of President. He was elected and became the first Pangasinan President of the Philippines. Through his leadership, the Philippines recovered from a severe economy after the oil and power crisis of 1991. His influence also sparked the economic growth of Pangasinan where it hosted the 1995 Palarong Pambansa (Philippine National Games).
Jose de Venecia, who represented the same district as Eugenio Perez, was the second Pangasinan to be Speaker of the House of Representatives on 1992. He was reelected on the same position in 1995. De Venecia was selected by the Ramos' administration party Lakas NUCD to be its presidential candidate in 1998. De Venecia ran but lost to Vice President Joseph Estrada. Oscar Orbos, who served as Pangasinan governor from 1995 ran Vice President and running mate of De Venecia's political convention rival Renato de Villa lost to Senator Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, whose mother, former First Lady Evangelina Macaraeg-Macapagal hails from Binalonan, Pangasinan.
Arroyo later ascended to the presidency after the second EDSA Revolution when President Joseph Estrada was overthrown.
On May 2004, actor-turned-politician Fernando Poe, Jr., whose family is from San Carlos City, Pangasinan, ran for President against incumbent Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo during the Philippine general election, 2004. The Pangasinan vote was almost evenly split by the two presidential candidates who both have Pangasinan roots. Arroyo was elected President, but her victory was tainted by charges of electoral fraud and vote-buying.
The state of crisis of the national government in Manila, corruption in Malacanang, widespread poverty, and the slow pace of economic development is forcing many Pangasinans to seek opportunities in Metro Manila, work in other countries or emigrate to wealthier countries, like the United States.
Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia